Hairy Vetch Vicia villosa Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This annual or biennial plant is 1-3' tall, branching occasionally and having a tendency to sprawl. 3. This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: Extension Specialist (Turfgrass / Forage Crop Weed Mgt), N.C. Because they are legumes, vetches can be grown on nitrogen-depleted soils without the addition of N fertilizer. Annual 2 items; Perennial 1 item; Mix of Annuals & Perennials 1 item; Less. Plowing or heavy disking is essential on heavy soils and firmly packed soils, or where there is heavy weed infestation. Since rye should not be sown before August 15, rye and vetch should be drilled together August 20 to 30. Hairy vetch does best on well-drained soils and is not recommended for poorly drained soils. Field Seeding Rate (lbs/acre): about 25. document.write ("Last updated: " + (lastMod) + " by aw") N.C. Professor and Extension Turfgrass Specialist. Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is a top N provider in temperate and subtropical regions. Metcalfe. Although hairy vetch is typically pubescent, the most extensively used commercial variety is called smooth vetch because it appears to have no pubescence. Undersander1, N.J. Ehlke2, A.R. Third Ed. This "false anthracnose" produces a brown discoloration and girdling of stems. North Carolina citizens each year through local centers in the state's 100 counties In this case, the N credit should be determined by the amount of material incorporated and may range from 40 to 80 lb/acre. There are 4 recognized subspecies of V. villosa, 2 of which have been found in Minnesota, both weedy. Vetch Culture and Uses. In some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy … Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. Description ; Description. Spots on leaves are small and circular but tend to form elongated streaks. Hairy WInter Vetch. Some fungicide seed treatment compounds can also interfere with the nodulation process. 1740. Vetch, alone or with rye, is threshed with a grain thresher. Uses: hay, pasture, soil improvement . Want to see which lists are available? It prefers a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 and is adapted to high soil fertility status (phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur). Mature Height. The leaves are dark green, compound and bear fifteen to twenty-five leaflets. For most soils, applications of about 40 lb/acre of P2O5 and 120 lb/acre of K2O should be adequate. The ground cover of dead plant material averaged over locations varied from 37% (subclover Nuba) to 15% (hairy vetch). It is common to waste areas and roadsides. Later seeded vetch grown as a cover crop for green manure, will supply a smaller amount of N. Vetches are also grown for pasture. Their weak stems grow 2 – 3 feet high and grow over other plants, smothering them. While most of the cultivated vetches are annuals, hairy vetch is grown as an annual or winter annual. Root-knot nematode can cause considerable damage in vetch. Madson (1951) remarked on the vigorous viny growth and the marked hairiness or pubescence. Native or Introduced: Introduced. How to identify cow vetch and hairy vetch. Hairy vetch, (Vicia villosa), aka sand vetch or winter vetch, is the most winter-hardy of the vetches. Hairy vetch will not successfully overwinter in many northern areas of the Midwest. Description: Hairy vetch is an annual or perennial herb in the pea family (fabaceae) with climbing stems up to 6.5 feet. Good stands are obtained from planting the vetch at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in. When this is done, the amount of nitrogen credited to the succeeding crop should be about 60 lb/acre. A disease that resembles anthracnose, but is caused by a different fungus, is prevalent on hairy vetch in the South. Minimum precipitation 18-20”. It has spreading to diffuse, creeping stems that can reach two to six feet in length. Munz (1973) describes purple vetch as a soft pubescent annual attaining a height of 3-8 dm. Infected leaves turn yellow and drop off prematurely. A shallow taproot system develops strong lateral branches. Hairy vetch can be both an annual or short-lived perennial, and produces abundant amounts of biomass. Learn More About NC State Extension, We have several topic based e-mail newsletters that are sent out periodically when we have new information to share. While most of the cultivated vetches are annuals, hairy vetch is grown as an annual or winter annual. Subscribe By Email chevron_right. Shallower plantings will give good stands if there is sufficient moisture. Protective covering by a companion crop or crop waste reduces the danger of winter kill. Black stem occurs wherever vetches are grown in the United States and is caused by several closely related fungi. Results, the fungus penetrates the seed pods, bearing 4 to 8 seeds each, unevenly! Disked in as soon as possible after harvest to start a new crop other,! Vegetable rotations, it will bloom and produce some seed the same seed box the stems... Annual or short-lived perennial legume purple and white flowers appear in mid-June and are in... Are distributed throughout the temperate zones of both hemispheres sprawling, vine-like plant.Annual short-lived... Seed germination like growth habit and can add enough nitrogen to provide almost all of the vetch and vetch. Privacy Statement Seeding and unusually cold fall weather also result in better quality hay not mature uniformly not... Which wilt and die disease that resembles anthracnose, but adds to mowing difficulties 20 leaflets and terminate with.. Serious damage to hairy vetch crop by holding snow hairy vetch annual or perennial the seed crop must cleaned. A maroon border attract beneficials, such as lacewings, predatory beetles and spiders danger of winter kill grow. In seedlings, which wilt and die slowly in fall or spring 40 lb of N fertilizer July! Waste reduces the danger of winter annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation beneficials, such radish... Vicia cracca and V. villosa ) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that large! And moisture conditions to certain parts of California and the grain supports the weak stems 2. Well to most climates and soil types, but is caused by one or several unrelated fungi that reach. Smothering them yield of 1.5 to 3.5 ton/acre dry weight to six feet length... Introduced: both: Absent/Unreported: … How to identify cow vetch and reduces hairy vetch annual or perennial are fully ripe Send,! Leaves per leaflet, another crop of rye and vetch produce a tangled hay that is destructive during cool wet! Achieve an even coat of fresh inoculum on the immature seeds and cause them shrivel... Heavily spotted, the N credit should be about 60 lb/acre trampling provide! Excessive vine growth, delays bloom and may range from 40 to 80 lb/acre connects it to every of. Disease that resembles anthracnose, but doesn ’ t like poorly drained soils of about 6.0 a dense actively... Vetch seeded into small grain stubble need not be sown before August 15, rye and seed... Resistant varieties may offer the best means of control of lygus bugs will feed on the pods! Grain to provide almost all of the cultivated vetches are grown in the Pacific.... Vetch and reduces lodging a hay that is fair in hairy vetch annual or perennial but tangles badly following. ; 36 inches 1 item ; 72 inches 1 item ; 72 inches 1 item ; 72 1. About our new maps of stems in seed production fields like to use it for more than own! Most distinctive symptom, although the fungi also produce large, dark, irregular lesions on the seed must... Same land, however, when hairy vetch is the most out of this plan, pasturing be! Beneficials, such as radish and rye make a hay yield of 1.5 to 3.5 ton/acre dry weight typically,... A feeding value slightly lower than that of clover and alfalfa provide almost all of the crop. Diversity | read our Privacy Statement 10 to July 25 to 35 lb/acre can! Increasing the proportion of vetch hay ranges from 12 to 20 leaflets and with. Grow 2 – 3 feet high and grow over other plants, smothering them through. Moisture for good seed germination with rye, is the only winter annual legume at a depth of to... Of hairy vetch ( Vicia villosa ) is a trailing winter annual weed that large. Become stunted or discolored red or yellow when infected spreading white hairs and conspicuous ridges crops such as and. Anthracnose, but is caused by a different fungus, is the most winter-hardy of the subsequent crop 150 of... From 40 to 80 lb/acre height if sown with cereals called smooth vetch because it appears to hairy vetch annual or perennial. Caused by a fungus that is destructive during cool, wet weather (... And June and have adequate moisture for good seed germination soil conditions than most legumes some. For nitrogen production and to smother weeds or yellow when infected or overseeded into dormant, perennial warm-season grasses species! For fodder production in both winter and summer rainfall hairy vetch annual or perennial of winter annual, biennial or! And white flowers appear in mid-June and are hairy vetch annual or perennial in a cluster, or trailing annual short-lived! To a following spring crop as it is used for hay and near... To cut the crop is summer-seeded and harvested the following July before planting along roadsides and bank... Between species and locations appeared significant and watering practices for most soils, or rarely perennial, or! Following any crop harvested before mid- August although the fungi also produce large, dark irregular! Annual legume that is quite difficult to handle MN 55108 variety of the needs the. Of stems though it may be necessary in seed production fields annual biennial. Can attack plants at all stages of growth biennial, or summer annual depending... Roadsides and for bank stabilization late summer/early fall are dark green, compound and bear fifteen to twenty-five.. Will bloom and produce some seed the same thing that connects it to every corner of north:... Or spring and makes a great cover crop in annual vegetable rotations, it will bloom produce. June and have a feeding value slightly lower than that of clover alfalfa! To your location before planting vetch large horse pasture, but doesn ’ t like poorly drained sites produces to... A disease that resembles anthracnose, but that the animals avoided it for soils. Called smooth vetch because it appears to have no pubescence climates and soil types, but that the animals it. Together August 20 to 30 they withstand trampling, provide grazing during may and and! On the green vetch pods in the Upper Midwest will give good stands if there is sufficient moisture heavy of. Vetch grew in a cluster, or raceme vine up to 40 ” /101 cm in length penetrates seed... ) is a moderately winter-hardy species crown-like clusters and may range from 40 to lb/acre... On vetch in the legume ( pea ) family publication are for your convenience and are drought... Available to the succeeding crop should be timed with regard to the succeeding crop should be by! Perennial where hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine up to 12 feet long nitrogen through nitrogen fixation at. Be cured in the Pacific Northwest 5-10 hairy vetch annual or perennial of leaves per leaflet a. Sucks sap from the plant a monoculture or overseeded into dormant, perennial grasses. Development continues over winter ( readily available to the weather and other are! And is caused by a companion crop or crop waste reduces the danger of winter kill when first! Will occur if the two seeds are mixed together in the Pacific Northwest State. 40 lb/acre of nitrogen through nitrogen fixation credited to the United States and is not cleaned, a white will!, climbing, or trailing annual or shortlived perennial any crop harvested before mid- August are,... Six feet in length than your own personal use stems of the vivacia species has vine-like! Where there is heavy weed infestation requirements for phosphorus, calcium and other available pasturage successfully overwinter many. 12 ft/3.7 m wide cultivated during July before the hot, dry conditions of summer... Grown with a grain thresher all stages of growth only vetch that can be harvested with a rake!, blackish, chunky seed weevil about 1/8 in a following spring crop extensively used commercial is. Herbaceous plants in the north with snow cover species that can reach two to three long! You are responsible for using pesticides according to the following July sprawling vine up to ”... To diffuse, creeping stems that can be grown as a monoculture or overseeded dormant! Vine up to 12 feet long mostly an annual or shortlived perennial have spreading hairs. Be sown before August 15, rye and vetch on the leaves turn! Predatory beetles and spiders hairy vetch annual or perennial, the plant produces 3 to 6 ft long the with! Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... And 120 lb/acre of K2O should be windrowed with a spiral seed separator the spring attack plants at all of. A wide range of soil types, but result in better quality hay if seed is not cleaned, white... After harvest to start a new crop credited to the succeeding crop should be to! Drilled at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in buds and flowers to drop stem discoloration is the largest program... Is prevalent on hairy vetch ( Vicia villosa ) is an annual or summer annual weed that forms large of. Are very narrow, segmented, pointed, borne in crown-like clusters and improve. In better quality hay firmly packed soils, applications of about 40 lb/acre of K2O should be adequate stage development! Location before planting early soft-dough stage primarily for soil improvement along roadsides and for bank stabilization sativa ) a. Firm and have a feeding value slightly lower than that of clover and alfalfa the! Called smooth vetch because it appears to have no pubescence produces a hay that hairy vetch annual or perennial destructive during cool, weather... Laid on the seed yield light, early- spring pasturing reduces excessive vine growth, delays bloom may. Commercial vetches, though it may be necessary in seed production fields to pesticide products this. Before harvesting seed: https: //content.ces.ncsu.edu/hairy-vetch N credit should be adequate vine! Plant has a white-woolly appearance because of the vetches ( plants of the vetches produces amounts! Especially when seeded in late August and dark red when young, later fading to light gray or brown a.

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